Detainees' institutions (the Commission of Detainees Affairs, Palestinian Society Prisoner's Club and Addameer Prisoner Support and Human Rights Association) stated that the occupation authorities arrested (905) Palestinians during March and April from West Bank and Gaza Strip, including (133) minors and (23) females.
In a joint report, institutions stated that the Israeli occupation authorities still holding (250) minors in Megiddo, Ofer, and Damoun prisons, and (45) females, noting that there are (5700) detainees in Israeli jails. The report showed that the Israeli authorities have issued (112) orders of administrative detention, knowing that there are (500) administrative detainees in jails.
Most prominent policies and measures practiced against detainees during the last two months:
The suppression forces continued the attack against detainees and it increased after breaking into by suppression forces in March 24, where section (3) of Negeve prison witnessed the most intensive confrontation between detainees and forces, in which forces used sound bombs, tear gas and live ammunition, in addition to intensive beating against all detainees in the section.
120 detainees got wounded in the attack and 20 ones were taken to hospitals.
Human Rights organizations observed many procedures implemented by the administration of Negev Prison after the attack, such as: handcuffing detainees in section (3), put them in isolation, take their belongings, power cut off, and depriving them of treatment. Many injured detainees were transferred to detention centers and take indictments including: Islam Weshahi, Udai Abu Salem and Anas Awwad.
The administration of prisons held trials for detainees, imposed fines of NIS12.000, confiscated their stuff and deprived them of family visits and lawyer visits.
After struggling procedures by detainees in April, detainees were able to put an end to the abusive procedures against detainees and reach an agreement to stop installing jamming devices in prisons.
High fines against minors in Ofer prison
Reports showed that the court of the Israeli occupation in Ofer prison imposed high fines against minors during March and April which reached up to NIS 78.000
39 minor detainees were detained in minors' section at Ofer prison in April, including 20 who were arrested from their houses, 17 from roads and 2 after summon.
The battle against administrative detention is continuous
6 detainees entered hunger strike during March and April demanding terminating their administrative detention and release them. The detainee Daoud Edwan started his hunger strike in March 1, Husam Ruzza started his hunger strike in March 19, followed by Khaled Farraj and Muhammad Tabanja in March 26, followed by Awda Hroub and Hassan Ewaiwi in April 2.
The detainee Husam Ruzeh ended his strike in May 1, after reaching an agreement with occupation authorities to be released next July. He was suppressed, treated in bad way and isolated for 16 days in Negev Prison before transferring him to Ishel prison.
Muhammad Tabanjah ended his strike at the same day after reaching an agreement that the administrative detention would not be renewed for him.
Khalid Farraj ended his strike in April 25, after agreeing to be released next October.
Dawod Edwan ended his strike when he had a deal with the administration of prison to determine the period of detention.
Hasan Ewaiwi and Odeh Hroub still continue their strike until this moment, where the lawyer of Addameer Association visited Hroub last May and stated that he had law blood pressure and troubles in the kidney.
During the opening session of the conference on supporting the Palestinian detainees in Brussels
Abu Baker calls on the European Union to act immediately and hold Israel accountable for its crimes against the Palestinian detainees
The head of the Commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees' Affairs Qadri Abu Baker started his speech in the Fifth European Conference for Supporting the Palestinian Detainees by calling on the European Union to act immediately to put an end to Israel's crimes against the Palestinian detainees and hold it accountable for violating the International Law and the International Humanitarian Law.
Text of the speech:
In the name of Allah the most merciful the most compassionate
Ladies and Gentlemen
May peace, mercy and blessings of God be upon you
Let me first deliver the greetings and gratitude of the Palestinian people, leadership and detainees and their relatives on organizing this important conference, in which we hope that its works be successful. We also hope that we can create a real space to support the Palestinian detainees, especially that we are in the 21st century, where the principles of democracy, human rights and justice exist all over the world except in occupied Palestine which suffers from a colonial Israeli occupation that targets stones and trees before human beings. The Israeli authorities are currently holding 5700 detainees, who live in tragic situation and do not provide the human and legal protection set forth in many international conventions and laws.
The Israeli occupation governments have exceeded all international laws and norms in dealing with Palestinian detainees and behave as it is the only state in the world. Israel resorted to legalizing their revenge, where the Israeli Knesset approved more than 15 racist laws since 2015 to take revenge from detainees and their relatives, in addition to many draft bills which still in the reading process by specialist committees in the Knesset, such as: deducting the salaries of martyrs and detainees, execution of detainees, stop funding the medical treatment of detainees and wounded persons, expel detainees' relative and deport them away from their accommodation area and stop the early release of detainees. This was a result of fierce competition between Israeli politicians who are racing to turn the lives of detainees into hell.
Ladies and gentlemen
The Israeli occupation authorities hold the Palestinian detainees in 22 jails and detention centers, all of them are located outside the occupied territories in 1967, which are considered Palestinian territories according to the settlement of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict draft bill, and this contradicts articles 49, 76 and 77 of the Fourth Geneva Convention which states that the occupying state shall detain the citizens of the original state in jails located inside the occupied territories, noting that the only jail located inside the occupied territories in Ofer prison, near the city of Ramallah.
As mentioned earlier, the Israeli occupation authorities hold more than 5700 detainees, including 570 detainees who are sentenced to life sentence, and 500 detainees held under the policy of administration detention that became a collective punishment, in which Palestinians are imprisoned without trials or charges. Children are also included, where 250 minors still held in Ofer, Damoun and Megiddo prisons. The occupation deprived them of childhood rights in order to meet the desires of intelligence officers in the occupation army, who have the right to carry out arrests based on their wishes without taking into consideration their weak physical structure and young age.
47 females are held in Damoun prison, which was a location for storing tobacco, in addition to 7 representatives of the former Legislative Council, and 26 detainees held before the Oslo Accord such as Kareem Younis and Maher Younis who are arrested since 37 years and Neal Barghouthi who is arrested since 39 years. Moreover, there are more than 750 sick detainees, tens of them have serious conditions and about to die due to the policy of medical negligence and medical crimes committed against them. They are deprived of treatment and they are only provided with painkillers, such as Sami Abu Dyak, Israa' Ja'abees, Fuad Shobaki, Bassam Sayeh, Mansour Moukadi, Khalid Shaweesh and Mohammad Barrash.
The Israeli occupation turned the policy of medical negligence into a crime committed against Palestinian detainees, where 218 martyrs of the captive movement died due to depriving them of treatment, in addition to hundreds of released detainees who got outside of prisons with many chronic diseases and dies thereafter, so that their stories are witnesses to the ugliness and hatred of this occupation.
The past few months witnessed unprecedented attack against our detainees, especially in Ofer, Negev, Remon and Nafaha prisons, where Special Forces broke into the cells and sections of detainees, attacked them and humiliated them. They used tear gas, pepper gas, rubber coated bullets and live ammunition. Detainees were beaten and kept in the prisons' yards in cold weather, isolated, prosecuted by internal trials, deprived of family visits and sentenced to high fines. In addition, many jamming devices were installed inside prisons, close to the rooms of detainees, which may cause unknown diseases among detainees.
Ladies and gentlemen
The stable attitude of the Palestinian leadership, represented in refusing the deal of the century and refusing to deal with the American administration after its unjust procedures against the Palestinian cause and rights, made the United States to cut off its financial aid to the Authority, which was allocated to the services and infrastructure sector, which affected the PA budget. The financial crisis aggravated with the refusal of the PA to receive the incomplete clearing fund because the occupation decide to deduct the allocations of the martyrs and detainees' families, which had multiple economic, political and popular consequences.
Cutting the aid by America is a vulgar step aiming at forcing Palestine to sacrifice one of its basic principles, which is not acceptable to our people or leadership. Israel expends great efforts through media to mislead nations and governments, especially the European societies. It depicts itself as a victim who seeks for an international protection. It launched a campaign in which it used all its energy, and urged the Zionist lobby to obtain an international attitude that condemns the Palestinian leadership's stand with the detainees and their families. It also practiced pressure on them to abandon their commitments towards those struggling people.
We witnessed a wave of incitement against the money provided for detainees' families, which is a simple allocation that helps to provide a decent life for them. This is refused by Israel, which hide bad intentions to turn the Israeli Palestinian conflict into a conflict between the Palestinians, because it knows very well the status of detainees and their families to the Palestinian people and his leadership.
Palestine being a recognized state by the United Nations and by joining more than 100 international treaties is subordinate to international jurisdiction, not to the jurisdiction of the Israeli military laws and legislation. The responsibility of the Palestinian National Authority is to provide social insurance to the distressed families. This is applied by all states in the world, including the state of Israel which applies the social insurance on Israeli criminals. This insurance comes within the framework of an international legal rule that requires taking care of affected families regardless of the affair done by one of their members. Responsibility is individual and not collective, and this will reflect the social, economic and security stability.
We assure that our detainees is are not criminals nor terrorists as Israel and the United States try to depict them, but actually they are freedom fighters and symbols of the struggle of the Palestinian people.
Ladies and gentlemen
Providing financial aid for detainees' families is a process organized by law and includes clear clauses. It states that the salary of the detainee is related directly to the period served in Israeli jails and the social status wither be married or bachelor. The more years spent in jail the more the proportion of salary become, and that what is paid to the detainees and their families has nothing to do with the sentence. The increase in salary is justified by the change of basic requirements of life, the requirements of detainees' families increase in terms of education, health and others.
This refutes the occupation's narrative and its media that the system of funds provided to detainees and their families encourages the Palestinians to do acts of "violence" because they will receive more salary. Unfortunately, we got surprised that there are international diplomats who have believed in this misleading and false analysis, which is ratified by the law of funding detainees.
It is worthy to mention that Israel pays salaries for Israeli prisoners, and that the extremist who killed the former Prime Minister Rabin, is receiving salaries from three Israeli sides. He was allowed to marry and take leaves outside the prison, which is not given for the Palestinian detainees.
Ladies and gentlemen
In conclusion, I would like to thank all those who contributed to the success of this conference, and I would like to take the advantage of being here to call upon all organizations of International Community to break its terrible silence, and to assume its legal, human and moral responsibilities towards the Palestinian detainees. We also would like to emphasize the necessity of mobilizing all international efforts to support the issue of detainees and the Palestinian leadership to face Israeli inflexibility, and we value the efforts of the solidarity movements in Brussels and the rest of the world.
We wish that the works of the conference to succeed and to take advantage of its papers, in order to be able to mobilize European people and governments.
We hope to start the work and influence from here, from the Belgian capital, Brussels, due to the existence of the European political center represented in the European Union. We call on you by the name of our agonized detainees in Israeli jails to work to exert pressure on the European decision-makers to stop the Israeli war against Palestinian detainees, especially minors and sick detainees, which violates international law and the UN Charter of Human Rights, in order to hold Israel accountable for its continuous violations.
Long live Palestine, long live the struggles of our people… we will be together until liberating the Palestinian people and land… May peace, mercy and blessings of God be upon you
The secretary of the institution of Senior Prisoners in South Africa, Mpho Mosimala, condemned the inhuman treatment and the immoral policies carried out against Palestinian detainees in Israeli jails.
He stated "we stress our condemnation of the barbaric and inhuman treatment and using torture against Palestinian detainees in the racist Israeli jails, where they are facing brutal physical and psychological torture".
He added: "our experience through the period of struggle against Apartheid is very similar to the circumstances of the detention of Palestinian detainees in Israel, especially during solitary confinement, and other matters such as nutrition, refusing or allowing meeting the doctors, as well as preventing reading books".
"We in the Institution of Senior Prisoners in South Africa condemn all the practices carried out against the detainees in the Negev prison about two weeks ago to clamp down on the detainees."
Mosimala called on the racist Israeli Prime Minister to release all detainees without any condition, especially females and children, put an end to house demolishing and start the negotiations on the basis of a two-state solution.
He ended his letter stating "we pay tribute to the struggle of the Palestinian people against all forms of fascism, and we support the Palestinian struggle. We pay tribute to the spirit of revolution of all Palestinian detainees who spent long time in the Israeli jails.
The Commission of Detainees and Ex-detainees' Affairs praised the historic attitude of the South African government in standing by the Palestinian people and the cause of detainees in the Israeli occupation jails, as well as the special national role played by the Embassy of the State of Palestine in South Africa with all its staff and employees in raising the cause of detainees at all levels.
A report issued by the Department of Studies and Documentation in the Commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees' Affairs showed that the trial of the engineer Mohammad Halabi from Gaza Strip is one of the longest trials of in the history of the Palestinian Captive Movement. The report showed that Halabi was working as a manager of World Vision Institution before his detention. He entered his third year in Israeli jails, and appeared more than 114 times before the occupation courts without being sentenced till this moment. However, the occupation authorities are still holding Halabi on the pretext of transferring funds from the institution for Palestinian factions, without any evidence or a legal charge against him.
The World Vision Institution is an American Humanitarian Institution, in which he was playing a humanitarian role, where he was helping poor families and sick people and provides support for children after wars and helps affected farmers and fishermen.
He is still held in the Israeli jails despite the examinations conducted by the Australian government, the internal examinations of the institution and the statement issued by the Center for the Prevention of Torture in Tel Aviv which proved that he is not guilty.
The report showed that the detention of Halabi comes in the context of systematic Israeli policy against the pioneers of humanitarian activities, which aims at destroying international and humanitarian organizations that support the Palestinian rights. This policy is supported by the American administration, which stopped the funds of UNRWA in the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Mohammad Halabi, 41, is from Jabalia refugee camp and holds the Master's degree in Civil Engineering, married and has five children. He was arrested at Erez crossing north of Gaza Strip on June 2016, and he is currently held at Remon prison in difficult conditions.
17th of April,,, the national day of supporting detainees
One million detention cases among Palestinians since 1967
The occupation authorities arrest (1600) Palestinians through the first quarter of 2019
Ramallah: conferees announce launching the activities of the Palestinian Prisoner's Day
The Commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees' Affairs, the Palestinian Society Prisoner's Club and the Supreme Commission of Detainees' Affairs called on the Palestinian people in various locations to participate actively in the activities scheduled for the Palestinian Prisoners' Day, corresponding April, 17 of each year.
This came in a news conference held by the head of the Commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees' Affairs Qadri Abu Baker, the head of the Palestinian Society Prisoner's Club Qaddura Fares and the head of Supreme Commission of Detainees' Affairs Amin Shouman to launch the activities of Palestinian Prisoner's Day of 2019. The conferees gave a presentation on the latest developments and the difficult situation experienced by the captive movement.
The Palestinian Prisoner's Day 2019
The national and international day of supporting the Palestinian detainees in Israeli jails corresponds April 17 of each year, which was approved by the Palestinian National Counsel in honor of martyrs of the Captive Movement and detainees in Israeli jails to support them and their legitimate right to freedom.
Detainees' statistics until the end of March 2019
• 1.000.000 Palestinians have experienced detention since 1967
• 5700 are currently held in Israeli jails include:
• 250 child
• 36 minors from Jerusalem under house detention, and 5 in housing centers
• 47 females
• 6 representatives
• 500 administrative detainees
• 700 sick detainees arrested since more than 20 years
• 26 senior detainees arrested before the Oslo Accord, such as Maher Younes and Kareem Younes who were arrested since 37 years
• 570 detainees are sentenced to life imprisonment
• 218 martyrs from the Captive Movement have martyred since 1967 including: 73 detainees who martyred due to torture, 63 martyred due to medical negligence, 7 shot dead directly by soldiers and 78 martyred due to execution after being detained.
Occupation authorities arrested 1600 Palestinians during the first quarter of 2019
Since the beginning of 2019, the Israeli occupation authorities arrested 1600 Palestinians. The majority of them are from Jerusalem, including 230 minors and 40 females.
The Israeli occupation authorities resort to many policies and procedures during the process of detention, such as using excessive force during the arrests and extrajudicial executions, as well as the policy of collective punishment. This is what happened to Al-Barghouthi family from Ramallah, where the Israeli army has executed Saleh Barghouthi after arresting him on December 2018, and arrested 40 members of his family, including his father, mother, siblings and cousins. They broke into their house and opened fire inside and outside the house, wounding 3 citizens with live bullets and detaining 100 persons inside the house.
Moreover, Israeli authorities continued to arrest members of the Legislative Counsel, defenders of human rights, journalists, activists on Facebook, females and minors.
The first quarter of 2019 is the worst on detainees
Detainees' conditions in interrogation centers:
The administration of prisons carried out its suppressive policies aiming at destroying the Palestinian detainees and degrading their dignity. The interrogation is the first step of these policies using physical and psychological torture, starting from the first moment of detention. 95% of detainees have experienced detention.
A case in point is the detainee Asem Barghouthi, 33, who is arrested since 8/1/2019. He was subjected to cruel investigation which lasted for 14 days, by 20 hours per day. He was deprived of sleeping and prevented from meeting his lawyer for 22 days.
Another case in point is the detainee Zeyad Shalaldeh, 44, who was arrested with his son at the same day. He was exposed to torture during his detention, and he was injured all over his body. In addition, occupation forces used dogs when breaking into his tent and hit him with rifles.
The administration of prisons continued its suppression and humiliation against detainees after transferring them to central prisons. These policies are represented in isolation, fines, beating, destroying detainees' belongings and depriving hundreds of them of family visits. Moreover, detainees are deprived of medical treatment and health care through the policy of deliberate medical negligence.
Clamping down against detainees increased after approving the recommendations of "the committee of withdrawing the achievements of detainees" formed by the Minister of Internal Security Gilad Ardan. This committee confiscated thousands of books, decreasing the quantity of water, installing surveillance cameras and jamming devices and other procedures.
One of the most prominent procedures used by the occupation prisons is the sudden incursions and repeated inspections of rooms and cells. Since the beginning of 2019, dozens of incursions have been carried out by repressive forces, such as "Nahshon, Yimaz, Dror and Al-mitsada". The most prominent of these were the incursions into the Ofer, Negev, Megiddo and Remon prisons.
In 20-21 January, 2019, Ofer prison witnessed a suppression process in which the Israeli forces used pepper gas, rubber coated bullets and sound bombs, where more than 150 detainees got injured.
In 21 Januray, 2019, the Israeli forces broke into section 2 at Megiddo prison, and then many breaks took place in Remon and Negev prisons, where a new battle started to confront the installing of jamming devices.
Confrontation increased between the detainees and the administration of Remon prison in March 2019, after breaking into section 7 and transferring detainees to section 1. The escalation aggravated on March 24, 2019 after breaking into section 4 using gas and sound bombs against detainees, which led to the injury of 120 detainees with different wounds such as fractures in the teeth, hands and pelvis, and wounds in the head, chest and eyes. However, the administration of prison held internal prosecutions and imposed fines up to NIS 12.000, and the administration still depriving them of medical treatment.
In order to control the detainees in last attack, the administration of Negev Prison summoned all Special Forces such as Giv'ati battalion, in addition to martial units from the internal front.
Constant increase in the policy of systematic medical negligence
Under the state of abuse practiced by the prisons' administrations against detainees, the number of sick detainees in Israeli jails reached up to 700 who need immediate treatment. 30 of them have cancer and 14 of them are held in Al-Ramla prison clinic.
This policy is over used through systematic measures, which does not exclude any detainee. The urgent need of medical treatment is misused in an attempt to avenge them. Through the past years, the detainees' institutions followed up many cases in which their medical files were closed under the pretext that there is no cure. As a result, many detainees were either martyred or released after reaching a stage in which treatment is useless.
Medical negligence is represented in depriving detainees of treatment or medical checkups, putting him on the waiting list for months and years, giving the diagnoses after long periods and forcing them to pay for transferring them from civil hospitals to prisons.
Legislation of extreme racist laws against detainees
Since the occupation of Palestine in 1948 and deporting its people, the Israeli occupation authorities have used the racist laws to tighten their control over the Palestinian people. Moreover, the Israeli authorities held martial courts in the territories occupied in 1967. Therefore, Palestinians have been subjected to several legal systems, so Palestinians living in the occupied territories in 1948 are subordinate to the Israeli law.
This tool extended to include Palestinian detainees in Israeli jails who were subordinate to Israeli laws in order to deprive them of their rights and trying to break their will and control them. These steps increased with the rise of the right-wing successive Israeli governments, the most criminal ones, which approved the law of execution against detainees, as well as the law of the trial of children under the age of 14 years, and the law of physical inspection without any suspicion.
The las law was the robbery of money paid by the Palestinian Liberation Organization to the families of martyrs and detainees. a law was approved to retain part of the financial benefits of the Palestinian Authority in 2018 equivalent to the allocations paid to the families of detainees and martyrs, which were estimated at one billion and one hundred million shekels per year.
Call for the widest participation in the activities of the Palestinian Prisoner's Day and providing international protection for detainees
The Commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees Affairs, the Palestinian Society Prisoner's Club and the Supreme Commission of Detainees' Affairs called on our people to stand by the detainees and participate in the activities of the Palestinian Prisoner's Day. They also call on all Arabs and the free people of the world to support the Palestinian detainees in Israeli jails, provide an international protection for them and oblige Israel to respect the rules of the International Law and the International Humanitarian Law in dealing with detainees, and consider them freedom fighters.
Israel uses all means of torture against Palestinians, including dogs to attack or harm them, and in many times the Israeli forces take dogs in the Bosta "transportation" to intimidate them. It does not exclude Palestinian children, in a violation of all international conventions including the Anti-Torture Convention and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.
The Israeli Human Rights Center (Betselem) stressed that urging the Israeli soldiers to use dogs to attack Palestinians is part of the policy adopted in Israel. In some cases documented by Betselem, dogs refused to leave the detainees who are under arrest, and the trainers had to shock them to leave the victim.
The testimony of the minor Mohammad Hammad, 16, from Qalandia camp, who is held in Ofer prison
He was tortured by dogs
In 16/1/2019, the Israeli forces surrounded my house in Qalandia refugee camp, accompanied by huge and terrifying police dogs. When they entered the house and made sure it is me who are they looking for, they let two dogs to attack me and bite me. My family was unable to intervene, where soldiers were holding my family members in another corner of the house threating them with weapons.
Four soldiers attacked me and started to beat me all over my body, and the dogs kept biting me for 15 minutes, which causes many wounds and bruises all over my body.
Then, the soldiers handcuffed and blindfolded me and forced me to walk while I was bleeding.
They took me to to a settlement called "Kochav Ya'akov" located on the lands of Kafr Aqeb, I fell on the ground and they forced me to walk, and I when I was able to walk they dropped me on the ground and cursed me.
When I arrived at the settlement, they transferred me to Atarot Interrogation Center east of Jerusalem without giving me any treatment. During the transfer in a military car, soldiers continued beating and insulting me.
The detective beat me and forced me to confess that I threw stone on soldiers at Qalandia checkpoint, and forced me to sign an affidavit written in Hebrew. Then, they transferred me to Ofer prison, where detainees bandaged my wounds as I was not given any treatment by the Israelis.
The Euro-Mediterranean Observer for Human Rights considered the use of dogs in detaining unarmed children and civilians is "torture" and "inhuman and degrading treatment" which is criminalized by international law, in particular the Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 and the 1984 Convention against Torture. The Center called on the (UNICEF) to act immediately to protect Palestinian children and to practice pressure on the Israeli Government to stop this inhumane policy.
In recent years, Israel practices the policy of solitary confinement against Palestinian children aiming at obtaining confessions and collecting intelligence information about other persons. Israel also practices a policy of isolation as a punitive measure aimed at destabilizing these children and depriving them of their rights by communicating with the outside world, where they are prevented from seeing their lawyers, the Red Cross or their families during the period of isolation.
In accordance with rule 45 of the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, it is prohibited to use solitary confinement against children.
Isolating a minor from Jerusalem at Al-Maskoubya for 15 days
The minor Ahmad Abu Ewais, 17 years
Ahmad was arrested near the Hebrew University of Jerusalem at around 9:00 pm, where there were clashes between soldiers and youths. Two police officers attacked him and pushed him into the car. They handcuffed him and beat him until he arrived at the police station on Salah al-Din Street. They left him without food or drink until 3:00 am, and then they took him to the interrogation room and remained there form 5 hours under beating, insult and threating. Ten, he got transferred to the isolation for 15 days, in a narrow and smelly cell, where he was unable to sit or sleep. He was given a rotten blanket and they intended to turn on the AC for 24 hours. He was sent to the police station to complete the interrogation. The interrogation lasted for many hours, and he was handcuffed to the chair. The interrogation included all kinds of physical and psychological humiliation. Then, he was transferred to Ovik prison in Jerusalem, which is dedicated for Israeli minor prisoners. He remained there for two weeks, where he was treated in a bad way by the Israeli civilian prisoners. After that, he was transferred to Megiddo prison upon the request of the of security detainees in Megiddo prison.
Isolating a minor from Jerusalem at Al-Maskoubya for 17 days
The minor Yousef Khaldon Izzat Salah, 17 years
Yousef was arrested from the downtown in Jerusalem during clashes with the police. He got transferred to Al-Maskoubya and was interrogated for long hours. Then, he was detained for 17 days in a narrow cell at Al-Maskoubya prison. He was subjected to physical and psychological torture during the interrogation, and he was handcuffed and beaten all the time. After the interrogation ended he was transferred to Megiddo prison at section 4 dedicated for minors.
Isolating a minor at Al-Maskoubya for 14 days in addition to 3 days at Ovik prison with Israeli civilians
The detainee Ameer Abdullah Mas'ood, 17, from Jerusalem
Ameer was arrested from his house in 16/8/2018 at 12:00 pm. The Israeli intelligence phoned his family and asked about him. They entered the house and took some of his clothes and arrested him. He was transferred to a police station on Salah Al-Deen Street. There, they inspected him and took him to the interrogation room for two hours. He then was transferred to Al- Maskoubya prison after the interrogation ended. He was held in the solitary confinement at Al-Maskoubya prison for 14 days and. After that, he got transferred to Ovik prison with Israeli civilians for 3 days and then he got moved to a prison for minors. He's currently held in minors' section at Megiddo prison and sentenced to 12 months of imprisonment and a fine of NIS 1500.
In isolating the Palestinian children, Israel violates all international conventions including the 1984 Convention against Torture and the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Solitary confinement is a form of psychological torture, and it is an inhuman and degrading treatment method prohibited under article 7 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
The circumstances in which Palestinian children are held do not fit the health standards set forth in articles 91 and 92 of the Fourth Geneva Convention relative to the treatment of civilian persons in armed Conflicts and Occupation.
The former Special Rapporteur of human rights in Palestine, Richard Falk, condemned the solitary confinement of Palestinian children, and described it as a form of cruel, degrading and inhuman treatment against minors, and that Israel violates the international human rights standards.
The director of media department at the Commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees' Affairs, Thaer Shraiteh presented a paper on the difficult conditions of 250 minor detainees in Israeli jails. The paper was presented in the Fifth European Conference in Defense of Palestinian Detainees held in Brussels.
Text of the speech:
Children all over the world live in peace and grow up in the laps of their parents, who remain with them step by step toward a prosperous future full of success. Children have rights to exercise their hobbies that meet their desires, where they grow up within a stable social system guaranteed by international laws, regulations and conventions. They live in holy life that cannot be violated and it is protected by a permanent supervision. All forms of violence are prohibited even by their parents. Thus, we hear about sanctions imposed on families due to ill-treatment against their children. Some States resort to prosecute families in formal trials, which in some cases have deprived them of their children.
However, the aforementioned life factors do not apply to Palestinian children, where they lack all forms of security, peace and stable life because of the Israeli occupation that denies their childhood and kill the dreams of their parents. We all have wishes that those children should not be arrested or killed by Israeli soldiers who are so proud of murdering children with their weapons and American- made machine guns. Therefore, all Palestinian families realize that there is no future for their children under this occupation. This attitude stems from the daily practices of the Israeli soldiers against the Palestinian childhood that deny their rights and confine them in a circle of violence.
This paper tries to cover all sides of the crime committed by the Israeli occupation government against Palestinian minor detainees, which is recorded for the prison services since occupying the Palestinian territories in June 1967. We might create new space to expose the Israeli practices against our detainees especially minors and try to save them through this conference, which is organized by the European coalition for supporting Palestinian detainees.
Child in international system
A special agreement was concluded to safeguard the rights of children worldwide. It included all the relevant details of life and rights, to be a measuring tool in dealing with minor children in different countries and societies. In accordance with the General Assembly resolution 44/25 on November 20, 1989, the Convention on the Rights of the Child was adopted, ratified and entered into force on September 2, 1990, in accordance with article 49.
The Convention set out the age of childhood as 18 years and less. It exists in 54 articles and its texts were written in six languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish. The convention stated that the "child must be fully raised in an atmosphere of happiness, love and harmony, and that he should be prepared to live individually in the society and be raised on the spirit of the ideals proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, in particular in the spirit of peace, dignity, tolerance, freedom, equality and brotherhood".
To affirm the special care of the child, child right were proclaimed in the 1924 Geneva Declaration on the Rights of the Child, the Declaration on the Rights of the Child adopted by the General Assembly on November 20, 1959 and recognized in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, the relevant statutes and instruments of specialized agencies and international organizations concerned with the welfare of children.
The Convention affirmed that "due to the physical and mental immaturity, child requires special care and appropriate legal protection, before and after birth". The convention also recalls the provisions of the Declaration on Social and Legal Principles Relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children, with special attention to custody and adoption at the national and international levels, the United Nations Minimum Standard Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice (the Beijing Rules), and the Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict. It also recognizes that in all countries of the world, there are children who live in extremely difficult circumstances and that these children need special consideration.
Number of minors and the places of detention
The Israeli occupation holds 250 Palestinian minors at Ofer, Damoun and Megiddo prisons in difficult circumstances which contradict all laws, conventions and international norms, especially the Convention on the Rights of the Child, where the administration of prisons does not show any privacy in dealing with them, and strive to achieve its goals in an immoral way.
The statistics of minor detainees over the past years have been unstable due to the continuous arrests. Throughout the year, the occupation authorities carried out break-ins into towns, villages and camps, and put checkpoints everywhere, to arrest children under the age of 18. In many cases, children under the age of 12 have been arrested.
The occupation authorities do not bear responsibility towards minors. They are supervised by adult Palestinian detainees, who take care of them and supervise the details of their daily lives, and try to overcome the prison's administration policies. The leadership of the prisoner movement managed to close all the gaps, and was able to establish permanent programs for these minors, and it will not leave them to be victims of this occupier.
Violations against minors
According to the advocates of the Commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees' Affairs, the rate of torture against minors has reached 100%, meaning that all children under the age of 18 years have been exposed to one or more forms of torture. This percentage reveals the extent of the crime committed against the children by the occupation authorities and the administration of the detention centers, which call for all forms of concern, especially in the light of the escalating racist voices calling for revenge against Palestinian childhood.
Violations against minors start from the first moment of detention, where the soldiers break into houses at midnight, explode doors and destroy the house belongings. Then, minor is taken to settlements or detention centers and get interrogated for long hours before being moved to prison. All this happens without the presence of a lawyer or a parent, and this contradicts the international norms and laws, and even to the law of protection of Israeli minors.
Violations include shooting Palestinian minors, beating and deprivation of food for one or two days, threatening during interrogation and forcing them to sign papers written in Hebrew that they do not understand their contents, in addition to their detention in places that do not fit the human life.
The occupation authorities also abuse the families of children economically. All the sentences are accompanied by fines up to tens of thousands of shekels per month. In many cases fines of more than NIS100, 000 were imposed on one detainee. These funds are transferred directly to the budget of the army and are used to enhance the capability of prisons' administration and forces by purchasing weapons, tear gas, pepper gas, electric bars and live ammunition.
The Israeli authorities resorted to use the policy of house detention over the past years, especially against minors from Jerusalem. This form of detention forced families to be jailers on their children. After few days of detention, minors are prosecuted in military courts which sentence the house detention, so that the child is given a certain area to move, and sometimes certain rooms within the house.
The Israeli authorities have placed iron bracelets on the hands or legs of the detainee, connected to an electronic system monitored by the police stations and the prison administration to ensure its control over them. In addition, they imposed high fines on their families, paid in the event of any violations of the conditions of house detention. This causes many psychological and social problems of the detainees and their families. Parents live in a state of constant confusion and have a concern for the child's compliance with the conditions of house detention, fearing of the high fines.
This form of detention deprived many children of their education, where the periods of detention vary from one detainee to another and reached sometimes to two years. The sentence is renewed by a decision from the court. A case in point, a parent was forced to stay at home with his arrested child under the same conditions.
Extrajudicial execution of children
Since the beginning of 2014, the policy of field executions prevailed by the Israeli soldiers. Israeli soldiers invent new techniques in killing minors and shot them dead from a zero distance under the pretext that children hold knives and intend to commit stab attacks against Israelis. Videos proved that soldiers could arrest those children without harming them. In many cases, knives were deliberately put beside children's corpses to justify murdering them.
Israeli criminals who executed minor Palestinians were not prosecuted, but they were given the choice to behave according to the situation, and that the final decision is to the soldier in the field.
Sick minor detainees
Medical crimes against Palestinian detainees increase in general, but it is more dangerous when it comes to children, where the nature of their bodies is unable to bear this medical negligence as adults do. There tens or maybe hundreds of them who got arrested, paid a high price and held severe pains throughout their lives. The reason behind this situation is that jailers did not show any interest in their health condition when they got detained.
Statistics of the Commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees Affairs indicate that 50% of the diseases infected the minor detainees in Israeli jails are resulted from the inhuman and immoral detention conditions. They suffer from lack of food, Lack of hygiene, insects, overcrowding, and being held in rooms that do not have any windows or lights. Furthermore, rooms have high humidity and there is a lack in clothes and blankets. Besides, there is no contact with the outside world.
By reviewing the above, we can realize the main reason of disease outbreak. Minor detainees are deprived of health care and appropriate treatments. Most often, minors are only given painkillers for different diseases. According to their narration, the occupation authorities and prison services refuse to take them to the clinics of prisons, and if they go, they will be subjected to beating and cursing by the nurses and doctors. They intend to procrastinate in doing surgical operations to those who have illnesses that require immediate surgery, such as removing fragments or bullets out of their bodies.
Legalizing penalties and revenge against minors
The Israeli occupying state is the only state in the world that legalizes penalties and attacks against minor detainees. Extremists of ministers, army leaders and Knesset members are not shy to brag about making laws that avenge the Palestinian child. This demonstrates that the Israeli judiciary is a basic component of the occupation system, and that what happens in courts is only a play which chapters are prepared in cooperation with the occupation government, the intelligence device, commanders of the Israeli army and the prisons' administration. Moreover, the court hearings in which indictments are submitted is not official.
It is worthy to mention that more than 800 Palestinian minors are prosecuted in occupation courts every year. The Commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees' Affairs estimates that from 2000 till the end of 2018, the Israeli occupation forces have arrested 11.000 minors who were prosecuted in military courts, and imposed inhuman penalties against them. Many of them were sentenced to life imprisonment and others to 20 years.
The most prominent laws officially approved to avenge Palestinian minors:
• The law of raising sentences against children who throw stones: the Israeli Knesset approved in the third reading in 7/21/2015 a law stipulates the possibility of imposing prison penalty of 10 years against minors who throw stones on Israelis, without proving the intent to cause harm. The law considers throwing stones a crime and has two levels: sentence to a maximum of 10 years without having to prove the intent to kill, and a sentence to a maximum of 20 years with proving the intent to kill. The Israeli government ratified this law in 11/10/2015.
• Increasing the minimum penalty on children who throw stones in Jerusalem: in 11/2/2015, the Israeli Knesset approved a bill submitted by the Israeli minister of Justice (Eilat Shaked), stipulates to impose actual imprisonment of 2-4 years on those who throw stones, withdraw the allowances of the national insurance from the detainees of Jerusalem, force them to pay compensations for Israelis. For children from Jerusalem, the law stipulates to withdraw child allowances from the family, education grants and other financial supplements, such as the support comes from social affairs to the family, disability allowances, widows' allowances and others. This bill allows
• Prosecuting persons under the charge of incitement without the presence of proofs, where it is considered a violation to the freedom of expression, especially activists on social media.
• Law of prosecuting children under the age of 14: the Knesset approved a bill in 11/25/2015 that allows prosecuting and imprisoning minors under the age of 14, and it is related to Palestinian children who are subordinate to the "Israeli Civil juvenile law". The law stipulates that the court can prosecute minors under the age of 12, but the actual imprisonment starts when they turn 14 years. The age of criminal liability is 12 and the child can be arrested and interrogated. After the conviction they are sent to a closed community home until they turn 14 years.
According to the "Association of Civil Rights" in Israel, the majority of states prohibit imprisoning children under the age of 14, and other associations prohibit the actual imprisonment of children above the age of 14. The Knesset ratified the bill of arresting minors in 11/2/2016.
Testimonies of minor detainees
1. The Palestinian child Ahmad Manasra: he was born in 1/22/2002 in Beit Hanina/ Jerusalem. He was arrested in 10/12/2015 under the pretext of his intent to commit a stab attack in Jerusalem. At that day, he was walking with his cousin Hassan Manasra, 15 years old. The Israeli forces and settlers attacked them with beating, cursing humiliation and bullets. Hassan martyred while Ahmad was injured and moved to hospital with handcuffs. Many people thought that Ahmad was martyred, but then he appeared alive.
The Israeli forces intentionally published a video of the security investigation with Ahmad, which was full of violence and threatening for a 13-year-old child. He appeared in the video crying, in front of an arrogant interrogators saying "I am not sure" and "I can't remember", and the detective kept shouting to scare him and take confessions that support the Israeli narrative.
It is important to demonstrate that Israeli interrogators used psychological torture against Ahmad Manasra, by shouting and depriving him of his right to consult a lawyer and bring one of his parents to the interrogation session. The aim of this video is to scare children and their mothers, but Manasra defeated the interrogators and did not confess guilt, saying "I don't remember", "I don't know".
2. The Palestinian child Milad Mousa Salah Aldeen, 16, from Jerusalem. He was sentenced to house detention by the Israeli court, which forced his mother to stay home with her child, turning the mother into a jailer.
Milad's mother said in an interview "the occupation court in Jerusalem forced me to choose either to continue the house detention or to arrest him for a year. I chose the house detention to stay with him instead of being arrested and pay a high fine, so he was deprived of his school and friends".
She added: "my son was arrested when he was returning from his school, he was subjected to cruel interrogation to force him confess that he threw stones. He was arrested for weeks and then sentenced to house detention. She added "that the occupation forces obliged me to pay a fine of 10.000 Shekels and threatened me that in case of violating house detention conditions I will pay a fine of 20.000 Shekels".
Milad's father is a psychiatrist form Kufr Aqab/ Jerusalem. He said: "house detention has fatal consequences so that the child will have negative energy and pressure that will increase his bad condition and this happens to tens of children in Jerusalem".
One day, Milad was playing with his cat. The cat ran away and he followed it. The police came after few minutes to the yard of house, because the bracelet in his hand sent a sign that he is outside the house. He got back to the house immediately after catching the cat, but the Israeli police informed him that he is not allowed to get out of the house for any reason.
3. The Palestinian child Hassan Tamimi from Ramallah was arrested for 3 months before he turns 18. He lost his sight completely due to a medical crime. He suffered from the damage of the nerves of the eyes inside Ofer prison, due to the high proteins in the blood. He needed a daily treatment and special food, which was not provided by the prison administration. Thus, his health condition deteriorated and he lost his sight, knowing that the prison administration is very aware of his condition but did not help or provide anything.
Hassan said: "the Israeli soldiers arrested me from my house in Dair Netham village/Ramallah in 4/7/2018. They woke me up and asked me to bring the black jacket, which they claim that I was wearing, during the participation in a demonstration in the village. They beat me while taking me to Benjamen interrogation center in Ramallah. There, they showed me a picture of mine during the demonstration, but I denied that this picture belonged to me. They beat me again and prevented me from taking my medicine, where I suffer from a chronic disease. As a result of this, I lost my sight after two months of my detention".
In conclusion, I hope that I succeeded in revealing the crime committed against Palestinian minor detainees whose rights and childhood are being violated.
The Commission of Detainees and Ex-Detainees Affairs stated that the representative of the Legislative Counsel and the member in the Central Committee of the Fatah Movement, the leader Marwan Barghouthi, enters his 18th years in jail, where he was abducted in 15/4/2002 and sentenced to 5 life sentences in addition to 40 years.
The report showed that Israel arrested the leader Marwan Barghouthi in 2002 when he was the secretary-general of the Fatah movement and a deputy member of the Palestinian Legislative Council. His arrest headed the international and even Israeli public opinion, which considered his arrest as a political detention and a war against the late president Yaser Arafat at that time.
Barghouthi was interrogated for 100 days in various detention centers such as Maskoubya, Betah Tekva, Jalameh and the confidential prison. The interrogation revolved around his relationship with Yaser Arafat and funding the Intifada activities, in an attempt to condemn the late president Yaser Arafat whom Sharon considered a non-partner and imposed a siege on his residence, destroyed the headquarters of the PA and reoccupied the Palestinian areas in a process called "protective wall."
The leader Marwan Barghouthi refused many time to recognize the legitimacy of the Israeli court, considering his detention "null and void" and he submitted an indictment against the Israeli policies. He made a heated debate in the Israeli community, who realized that his detention distorted the moral image of Israel. Many municipalities in the world, especially France put his picture in front of its doors. He became a national symbol of the National Liberation Movement and a defender of freedom and human justice.
The Commission pointed out that Barghouthi has obtained his doctoral degree from inside the prison, and that he led the educational process of detainees in Israeli jails to assure the national constants of the Palestinian people.
It is worthy to mention that Marwan Barghouthi led the dignity hunger strike in 2017 to unite the captive movement against the Israeli policies and violations. That strike included more than 1000 Palestinian detainees and lasted for 42 days, in which detainees were subjected to brutal attack by the Israeli authorities.
The Commission of Detainees and Ex=Detainees' Affairs declared the failure of conversations between the administration of the Israeli prisons and the representatives of the Captive Movement's factions in the Israeli prisons, after long hours of debate at Remon prison.
The Commission stated that 150 detainees entered an open hunger strike in Negev and Remon prisons in a battle called "the Battle of Dignity 2", and that many groups of detainees from various prisons will follow the strike in the coming days.
The Commission also stated that the conversations between the administration of prisons and the leaders of the Captive Movement had failed and arrived at a dead end. This failure came due to stubbornness of the prisons' administration in responding to the demands of the Captive Movement which are guaranteed by all international rules and regulations.
Detainees pointed out that the prisons' administration did not respond to the demands of the Captive movement such as removing the jamming devices, allowing family visits for detainees from Gaza, the lack of clear understandings on the installation of public telephone devices between prison sections, the continuity of isolating punished detainees in the recent events in Negev prison and stopping the breaking into sections, humiliation and medical negligence against them.
The detainees called on the Palestinian people to support their fair cause and their battle of struggle, in addition to supporting them with all possible means to expose the Israeli policies carried out against them, which contradicts all international laws and Human Rights principles