Detainees' institutions: occupation authorities arrested (2330) Palestinians on the first half of 2020

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Detainees' institutions: occupation authorities arrested (2330) Palestinians on the first half of 2020

Including (1363) arrest cases since the beginning of coronavirus spread-out

Ramallah: The Israeli occupation authorities arrested (2330) Palestinians since the beginning of  2020 till June 30, including (304) minors and (70) woman, and issued (565) new administrative detention orders.

Detainees' institutions and human rights organizations (the Commission of Detainees and Ex-detainees' Affairs, the Palestinian Society Prisoner's Club, Al Dameer Association for Human Rights) pointed out that the occupation authorities is currently holding (4700) detainees, including (41) women and (160) minors.

In June 2020, the Israeli authorities arrested (469) citizens, including: (211) citizens from Jerusalem, (45) from Ramallah, (33) from Hebron, (36) from Jenin, (43) from Bethlehem, (32) from Nablus, (27) from Tulkarem, (18) from Qalqilia, (4) from Salfit, (8) from Jericho, (11)from Tubas and (1) from Gaza Strip, while (98) new administrative detention orders have been issued.

Review on the number of arrests at the first six months of 2020;

The highest rate of arrests  during June 2020 was (496) cases, while the lowest rate was recorded in April 2020 with (197) cases.

The highest rate of arrests among children was in February 2020 with (95) cases, while the lowest rate was in April 2020 with (18) cases.

The highest rate of arrest cases among women was in June 2020 with (28) cases, while the lowest rate was in April with one arrest case.

Detainees' institutions confirmed that the highest rate of arrests in provinces has been recorded in Jerusalem with (1057) cases, including (57) women, (202) minors and (5) children.

Detainees in confrontation with jailors and epidemic:

At the time humanity is trying to confront the epidemic and calling on the human rights organizations to release all prisoners in the world, the Israeli occupation authorities still holding hundreds of Palestinians in its prisons including women, elderlies, children and wounded persons, without taking into consideration the risks that might affect Palestinians.

With the increase of Coronavirus cases among jailors and quarantining tens of the, fears increased among the Palestinian human rights organizations. Instead of providing the preventive measures to stop the spread out of the virus, the prisons' administration turned the epidemic into a punishment tool, and withdrew a lot of stuff form the cantina, including sanitizers and cleansers which are very necessary at this stage.

Detention cases and interrogation conditions at the time of the epidemic

 The Israeli authorities did not stop arrests against Palestinians according to the Palestinian human rights organizations, where (1363) arrest cases have been recorded since the beginning of coronavirus pandemic in March 2020. The risk of spreading the virus increased among Palestinians and detainees, where the Israeli forces break into their houses without taking preventive measures like wearing face masks and gloves at least. Testimonies by Palestinians stated that many Israeli soldiers were seen spitting on the roofs and public places while they break into the houses.

The occupation devices continued to torture detainees with physical and psychological methods, in addition to the tragic conditions in detention centers, where they intended to hold detainees inside a narrow container for long hours, and imprison them in cells with no sunlight or air, high humidity and temperature, and there are no sanitizers nor cleaning stuff, and they are prevented from changing their clothes for a long time.

Risks exist also before the epidemic, where they suffer from difficult detention conditions in which the minimum international standards for detention are not provided.    This  facilitates the spread-out of the virus among detainees, where the globally imposed social distancing could not be attained with the high number of detainees at the same cell, which increase the possibility of catching the virus.

In this context, partner organizations called for the necessity of founding a neutral international committee to monitor detainees' circumstances and the care measures necessary to prevent the spread of the epidemic, and to intervene to release some categories of detainees such as sick one, elderlies, children and women.

The town of Ya'bad…  A model of collective punishment policy

The Israeli occupation did not stop from implementing the policy of collective punishment against the Palestinian people in cities, villages and refugee camps, especially the families of detainees. This policy is represented in house demolishing and campaigns of daily arrests that include women and children.

During May 2020, people of Ya'bad town, to the south west of Jenin city, faced a large campaign of arrests and attacks against women, children and elderly people, summoning many of them, breaking into their houses, field interrogation ad attacking the families after announcing the murder of an Israeli soldier in Ya'bad, where the occupation forces arrested more than 50 people at that time.

The Abu Baker's family,, encountering detention, summon and breaking into their houses

They faced a deliberate attack for 30 days of daily arrests by occupation forces under the pretext of killing a soldier. They arrested Nathmi Abu Baker and his wife and daughter and all his siblings and their sons.

His wife and daughter have been arrested and summoned many times to question them on the incident. They were subjected to shouting, cursing and stressing them to snatch a confession on the murder of the soldier.

Moreover, they imposed a siege on the town and prevented the people's movement and had many clashes in which sound bombs and tear gas were used.

(30) persons from the town is currently held in prisons, including Nathmi Abu Baker who is accused of killing the soldier.

Detainees' institutions consider the policy of collective punishment is one of the most prominent revengeful policies against the families of detainees, which is a flagrant violation to the international humanitarian laws.

Targeting citizens from Jerusalem

The occupation authorities continued its wide campaigns against people from Jerusalem by attacking and torturing them, in an attempt to prevent any development of its society, in the light of the continuous policies of Judaization.

According to the information center of Wadi-Hilweh in Silwan, reports showed that (1057) arrest cases have been recorded in Jerusalem since the beginning of 2020, including (75) women, (202) minors and (5) children under the age of 12.

Arrests focused especially at Essawyeh town with (450) cases, (330) cases from the old city of Jerusalem and (200) cases from Silwan town.

Occupation authorities also targeted leaders of Fatah Movement in Jerusalem, by arresting them and breaking into their houses and confiscating their belongings .

Arresting women in Jerusalem

The Israeli authorities arrested Eman A'war,45, in 17/6/2020 after breaking into her house. She had many surgeries to remove tumors, and she is suffering from  liver disease and broken pelvis. Her husband has been in detention since the end of last May and is under investigation.

Ibtisam Awad Sumren was arrested in 23/6/2020 after breaking into her house in Silwan. She suffers from hypertension and kidney failure and needs periodic checkups and special medications.

Targeting Essawyeh town

The Israeli forces kept breaking into Essawyeh town and installing checkpoints inside the neighborhoods and streets, inspecting people and cars and daily break in the houses and shops.

The house arrest and deportation were imposed against tens of people in Essawyeh town, in addition to imposing monetary bonds to release them.  

 Jerusalem at the time of the epidemic

The occupation authorities chased the youth preventive initiatives against the Corona virus, on the pretext of "violating Israeli sovereignty over the city of Jerusalem." On March, three sterilization teams were arrested in the city of Jerusalem, in Silwan, Al-Suwana and Old Jerusalem, and they seized sterilization tools and materials. They arrested four persons while distributing and hanging awareness posters about the Corona virus, and prevented the distibution of food boxes at Sour Baher district, in light of the crises due to the restriction of movement and suspending businesses.

Moreover, the Israeli authorities summoned activists from Silwan under the pretext of the existence in a public hall to check corona samples in under the supervision of the Palestinian Ministry of Health, and made tens of monetary tickets for those who prayed in front of the Al-Aqsa gates. They also made tickets for 30 persons from Al-Nasara district after celebrating religious event with 5000 NIS. In addition, the imposed tickets against 8 persons from the same family with 22.000 NIS.

Read in Military Order No. (1827) issued by the occupation

Since the beginning of the occupation, the military judiciary device and its military orders are used as a means of suppression and having control over the Palestinian people, and whoever struggle against the occupation and its arbitrary policies. This judiciary device is sample showing the racism that serve the occupying state over the interests and rights of the Palestinian people.

In the first half of 2020, many amendments carried out on some military orders, such as the amendment No.67 of the military order No.1651, named "order on security conditions", " Standard formula" and " Judea and Samaria" (2009) , which holds No.1827. This amendment was done to add on the basic military order about the trail procedures and identifying crimes, that is stated in the law of terrorism of 2016, especially with regard to the definition of “harmful substance”, “fire weapons”, and “biological and radiological chemical weapon” and others.

According to the reading submitted by the Palestinian Human Rights Organizations Council last May on the amendments, the Council stressed on the definition of property in general, property related to the implementation of a violation and property of terrorism, where these definitions included movable and immovable property, all rights to this property and the profits from these properties. As for the definition of “property of terrorism”, it includes the widest range of possibilities. It is primarily the property of any “illegal” organization, the broad definition used by the British emergency regulations of 1945, especially  Article (84).

As for the second part of the definition of "property of terrorism", it applies to every tool that was related to the commission of a violation under Article (251) of the Military Order (1651), with regard to incitement or support of a hostile organization, or any of the violations mentioned in the first addition to the military order (1651).

Order (1827) adds new articles related to the punishments that will be imposed on whoever uses properties to commit a breach, and the sentence will be 10 years of imprisonment and a fine, and 7 years of imprisonment against who used the properties unintentionally to commit a breach, but he was knowing that there is a possibility of committing it. A sentence of 5 years of imprisonment is add against anyone who facilitate implementing a breach with 10 years sentence.

What is currently worrying is the letter addressed to the banks operating in the occupied territory on the accounts of detainees and martyrs, considering that there is an authority to confiscate money in these accounts under the clause that it is given as a prize on committing a breach. The most worrying is the possession of the property of "illegal organizations", based on the broad definitions and the  British emergency system which is already cancelled.it is worthy to mention that the Palestinian Liberation Organization and most faction announced earlier as illegal organization in accordance with the Israeli military orders.

Over the years, the occupation breached all standard and conditions stipulated in the humanitarian international law, and enacted more than (1800) military orders regarding all life aspects of Palestinians. It also criminalized  all forms of political and trade union work, and all that may be considered opponent to the occupation and its policies. Moreover, it gave the courts a geographic authority outside the occupied territory, so whoever commit any action affects the security of the occupation army in the occupied territory or the occupying Power, even if his activity is in another continent, he shall be tried before the military courts.

It also kept the validity of these courts in the areas under the control of the Palestinian Authority - what are known as "A" areas - according to the Oslo agreement, and this reflects the intentions of the occupying state that it has never dealt with the occupation as a temporary situation.