International law forbids the use of civilian noncombatants as human shields in military action and classifies it a war crime according to the Rome Convention of the International Criminal Court (ICC). Israel has repeatedly used Palestinian civilians as human shields in its military operations in the West Bank, Gaza and occupied Jerusalem. The CDA has documented numerous testimonies from Palestinian civilians who were used as shields by the Israeli army during the onslaught on Gaza during 2014 and during the popular uprising in the West Bank and Jerusalem in 2015. This form of behavior is not criminalized under Israeli law, far from it. Israeli courts have traditionally treated this behavior as a necessity, even terming it the “neighbor treatment”. Moreover, historically speaking, Israeli courts rarely sentence officers or soldiers to the full extent of the law when cases are brought against them for this behavior.